Archive for May, 2011

Photons to the Rescue: Hintorama on Photo-Electron Challenge

May 28, 2011

Ex Ips pini and once the same genus as the Challenge

Ted MacRae at Beetles in the Bush once complained that my Challenges are too tough, but his Close Crop Challenges are even worse, IMEO (in my exalted opinion). Well, I just took the plunge at his latest Challenge, so anyone misguessing here can laugh at my answer there. It’s all part of the learning process and the more we learn, the less mistakes we will make in the future (or at least this is the theory).

Hi, I'm back and bode ill for beetles

So far, the fearless Kaitlin has been the only one to venture a guess. Her logic is impeccable, but the premise is false. Given the miserably blurry picture of the larva, that isn’t too surprising. I think I will give this one away and show the adults associated with the mitey larva. I may be making a false assumption here too – the larvae and adults occurred together in the rotting mushroom, but that is only weak inference.

What are we?

Pygmephoridae is a good guess for the mite, this is a member of the Heterostigmatina, so one point for Kaitlin, but not of the Pygmephoroidea. All the pygmephoroids that I am familiar with have a more or less distinct gnathosoma, but this mite seems very withdrawn. Here’s a hint – these mites will not harm the larva, but bode ill for its future fitness. At the head of the post is a mite related to the Challenge mite, once it belonged to the same genus, but now it does not. Below is the actual mite itself.

Lightmicrograph of mystery mite


New Photo-Electron Challenge & Old Answers

May 14, 2011

What is my secret name and what do I want from life?

‘To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day’, but at last the the tomorrow promised in the last post (in March no less) has finally arrived. I plead overwork – I’ve had two massive taxonomic projects to complete including a listing of all of the species of mites known from Alberta – before the new field season commences.  Above is one of these little monsters saying high and below are a number of them clinging to an insect collected from a rotting oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). Any guesses to the mite, insect, spores, ecological interactions?

Mites & insect - name them both and what is happening.


I’m fairly pleased in how well everyone did in the first Photon Challenge, especially considering the quality of the pictures.  Ray even got the fly to genus and Kaitlin got pretty close to the family of the mesostigmatan – at least according to the Manual of Acarology 3rd Edition the Halolaelapidae belongs in the Rhodacaroidea and they certainly are phoretic as deutonymphs, as one would expect in that superfamily. So Kaitlin gets points for that. Bruce got the family, and, I believe, the genus correct, at least in the broad sense: Halolaelaps s.l.  Bruce has the advantage of having described the only known Australia species of the group and to have pointed out how messy the generic concepts are (see Halliday 2008 Systematic & Applied Acarology 13, 214–230). I am neutral on what superfamily Halolaelapidae belongs to – Rhodacaroidea is unlikely to be monophyletic and deutonymphal phoresy is probably a ‘primitive’ behaviour in Mesostigmata.

Deutonymph of Myianoetus - note bifurcate claws

Alas, no one guessed the genus of the histiostomatid – Myianoetus! All acarologists should know this genus if only because it contains one of the few mites to lurk among the pages (as an anoetid) of  a large circulation, general science magazine – Science itself – and the interesting concept of ‘fly factors’:

Greenberg & Carpenter (1960) Factors in Phoretic Association of a Mite and Fly. Science 132: 738-739.

“Abstract: Combined rearing of the mite Myianoetus muscarum (L.), and the fly Muscina stabulans (Fall.) has revealed adaptations of the hypopus to a series of fly factors. These adaptations favor the mite’s dispersal. Hypopi are attracted to the pupa by a volatile substance and cluster on the anterior end, from which the fly emerges.”

Read the whole thing, as they say, but, although published over 50 years ago, you will still need access to Science to do so (and to read the next paper entitled  ‘Licking Rates of Albino Rats’). Rat licking trailer aside, I think the most interesting thing about the Myianoetus paper is that I can’t remember any follow-ups that explain ‘fly factor’ or ‘beetle factor’ or ‘ant factor’. Most of the chemical clues used to induce or terminate phoretic behaviour in mites remain unknown. Only skatoles and dung beetles come to mind. If someone out there in the ether knows of other studies, please let me know – I can use the information to help a student.